Friday, October 22, 2010

A Further Study on the Regulation of Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Activity in Neuroblastoma Cells: Effect of Growth

Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) phosphodiesterase activity in mouse neuroblastoma cells in culture markedly increased during exponential growth and reached a maximal level at confluency; whereas guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) phosphodiesterase activity only slightly but significantly increased under a similar experimental condition. The increase in cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity was blocked by both cycloheximide and dactinomycin, whereas the increase in cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase was blocked by only cycloheximide. When the confluent cells were replated at low density, the cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity decreased; however, when they were plated at high cell density which equaled confluency, the enzyme activity did not decrease. Unlike cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity, cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity did not change significantly in prostaglandin cells, but decreased in cells treated with the inhibitor of phosphodiesterase. Like cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase activity, cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activity also did not change in cells treated with serum-free medium, X-irradiation, sodium butyrate and 6-thioguanine.


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